Unit of energy used to perform work (energy and work are equivalent in units, energy being the potential value and work the achieved value). Fuel equivalents: One barrel of crude contains roughly 1700 kWh One ton of coal contains roughly 7500 kWh One gallon of gasoline contains roughly 37
Auguste Comte (1798–1857) is the founder of positivism, a philosophical and political movement which enjoyed a very wide diffusion in the second half of the nineteenth century. It sank into an almost complete oblivion during the twentieth, when it was eclipsed by neopositivism. However, Comte’s decision to develop successively
Liberals hold that freedom is a fundamental value, and that the just state ensures freedom for individuals. Liberal feminists share this view, and insist on freedom for women. There is disagreement among liberals about what freedom means, and thus liberal feminism takes more than one form. This entry discusses
The core of the dispute between congressional leaders is about federal spending, and how long a stopgap measure that would reopen the government should last. Democrats want the across-the-board spending cuts known as sequestration to last only through mid-November, but their opponents want them to last as long as
The answer lies in ERoEI. Energy returned on Energy Invested.
The Subjection of India-Its Cause and Cure. With an Introduction by M. K. Gandhi. - Introduction The letter printed below is a translation of Tolstoy’s letter written in Russian in reply to one from the Editor of Free Hindustan. After having passed from hand to hand, this letter at last